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"Valu" redirects here. For the 2008 film, see Valu (film).
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Valac is a demon described in the goetic grimoires The Lesser Key of Solomon (in some versions as Ualac or Valak and in Thomas Rudd's variant as Valu), Johann Weyer's Pseudomonarchia Daemonum (as Volac), the Liber Officiorum Spirituum (as Coolor or Doolas), and in the Munich Manual of Demonic Magic (as Volach) as an angelically winged boy riding a two-headed dragon, attributed with the power of finding treasures.
The Lesser Key, the Munich Burnich, Rudd, and Weyer further agree in ranking Valac as a president and attributing him with the power lớn locate, summon, and control serpents. The Officium Spirituum similarly attributes Doolas with the power lớn give the summoner command of serpents as well as "household spirits," but it ranks Coolor and Doolas as princes instead of presidents.
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Valac is listed 62nd in the Lesser Key (even by Rudd) and the 50th by Weyer, with either version claiming he leads 30 legions of demons (though some manuscripts say 38). The Munich Burnich describes Volach as controlling 27 legions of spirits. The Officium Spirituum (depending on the manuscript) ranks Coolor as either 21st (with no note of how many spirits he commands) or (in the copy found in the Folger Shakespeare Library) 22nd and commanding 13 legions of spirits. All extant and complete versions of the Officium Spirituum list Doolas as 25th demon, commanding đôi mươi legions of spirits.
Rudd's version uniquely has Valac opposed by the Shemhamphorasch angel Iahhel.
A manuscript titled Fasciculus Rerum Geomanticarum lists him as Volach.
In popular culture
- The 1998 film Vampires features a character named "Valek" as the first vampire.
- "Volac" appears in the Chilling Adventures of Sabrina comic book series. In issue #7, a young Edward Spellman, father of Sabrina Spellman, summons the demon at the request of Alphonse Louis Constant.
- "Ualac" appears in the Hellboy story "Box Full of Evil" as a major antagonist.
- The năm nhâm thìn horror film The Conjuring 2 has "Valak" as the main antagonist, taking on the size of a demonic nun and The Crooked Man from the rhyme "There Was a Crooked Man". However, the character bears no resemblance with myth besides the name. In the film's interpretation, the demon is associated with snakes, seeking human possession lớn escape its confinement within the Cartha monastery of Romania. The Nun would later have a cameo in the 2017 film Annabelle: Creation and receive its own spin-off film, The Nun, released on September 7, 2018, and The Nun 2 released on September 8, 2023.
- Valac appears as the fourth quấn in the game Bloodstained: Curse of the Moon for the Nintendo Switch and PC. He is depicted as a two headed dragon that can fuse lớn make an even bigger dragon. He appears again in Bloodstained: Ritual of the Night.
- Valak appears also in the first season of Shadowhunters where it is summoned lớn retrieve Clary's memories back from it.
- The 2017 manga Welcome lớn Demon School! Iruma-kun has a main character named Clara Valac, a hyperactive demon girl who can make copies of anything she sees.
- ^ a b c d Peterson 2001, p. 35.
- ^ a b c Rudd 2007, p. 164.
- ^ a b c d Weyer 1563, par. 50.
- ^ a b c Porter 2011, pp. 14–15.
- ^ a b c d e Porter năm ngoái, p. 198.
- ^ a b c d Kieckhefer 1997, pp. 166, 292.
- ^ a b c Rudd 2007, p. 34.
- ^ a b Weyer 1563, Introduction by Peterson.
- ^ Porter 2011, p. 14.
- ^ Porter 2011, p. 15.
- ^ Rudd 2007, pp. 376.
- ^ Boudet 2003, par. 25.
- Boudet, Jean-Patrice (2003). "Les who's who démonologiques de la Renaissance et leurs ancêtres médiévaux". Médiévales. Langues, Textes, Histoire. Médiévales (in French). Revues.org (44): 117–140. doi:10.4000/medievales.1019.
- Kieckhefer, Richard (1998). Forbidden Rites: A Necromancer's Manual of the Fifteenth Century. University Park, Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania State University Press (published 1997). p. 161. ISBN 0-271-01750-3.
- Peterson, Joseph H., ed. (May 2001). Lemegeton Clavicula Salomonis: The Lesser Key of Solomon, Detailing the Ceremonial Art of Commanding Spirits Both Good and Evil;. Maine: Weiser Books (published 2001). ISBN 1-57863-220-X.
- Porter, John (2011). Campbell, Colin D. (ed.). A Book of the Office of Spirits. Translated by Hockley, Frederick. Teitan Press. ISBN 978-0933429253.
- Porter, John; Weston, John (2015). Harms, Daniel; Clark, James R.; Peterson, Joseph H. (eds.). The Book of Oberon: A Sourcebook for Elizabethan Magic (first ed.). Llewellyn Publications. ISBN 978-0-7387-4334-9.
- Rudd, Thomas (2010). Skinner, Stephen; Rankine, David (eds.). The Goetia of Dr Rudd. Golden Hoard Press (published 2007). ISBN 978-0738723556.
- Weyer, Johann (1563). Peterson, Joseph H. (ed.). Pseudomonarchia Daemonum (Liber officiorum spirituum). Twilit Grotto: Esoteric Archives (published 2000).
- Valac's entry in the Lesser Key of Solomon, hosted at Twilit Grotto
- Valac's entry in the Pseudomonarchia Daemonum, hosted at Twilit Grotto